Bi-City ShenZhen Biennale 2019 - 2020 

Yaoyi Fan, Gabriel Munnich, Pablo Toubes-Rieger, Leslie Dougrou.

In the urban context, the flux of people constantly redefines public space throughout the day. How can digital fabrication address this impermanence? In a train station or airport, for example, the platform should be empty during rush hours, filled with temporary chairs during delays, provide conversation chairs in the evening and finally lounging beds for overnight connections.




Conventionally, digital fabrication is used to construct permanent parts of buildings in a workshop or factory. Instant lounge is deployed in the public space to make temporary furniture configurations. The system of construction is a cable machine that is anchored into the ceiling. The machine lays a thick rope into various seating, playing, and sleeping configurations that respond to demand.

Once the seating configuration is no longer needed, the rope is swallowed by the machine and composed into a new configuration. Similar to a 3D printer, Instant Lounge layers material to build, but unlike a 3D printer, the machine continually reuses the material. The rope is made from a continuous cotton tube filled with cherry pits that can decompose and merge with the natural environment after being discarded.

prototype for the funiture

Detail section of the rope


The rope is made from cotton tubes and fills with pits, seeds, small pebbles, and dry food residues. The rope lasts for five years, which is the average time for public furniture. Wen the material is abandoned, it can decompose and merge with nature. The pits may grow into plants, the small pebbles provide aggregates for the roots to grab, and dry food residue breaks down becoming the nutrition for the lives that grow on to the rope.